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Active Directory Cookbook
By Robbie Allen
Publisher: O'Reilly
Pub Date: September 2003
ISBN: 0-596-00464-8
Pages: 622

      Who Should Read This Book?
      What's in This Book?
      Conventions Used in This Book
      We'd Like Your Feedback!
    Chapter 1.  Getting Started
      Approach to the Book
      Recipe 1.1.  Where to Find the Tools
      Recipe 1.2.  Getting Familiar with LDIF
      Recipe 1.3.  Programming Notes
      Recipe 1.4.  Replaceable Text
      Recipe 1.5.  Where to Find More Information
    Chapter 2.  Forests, Domains, and Trusts
      Recipe 2.1.  Creating a Forest
      Recipe 2.2.  Removing a Forest
      Recipe 2.3.  Creating a Domain
      Recipe 2.4.  Removing a Domain
      Recipe 2.5.  Removing an Orphaned Domain
      Recipe 2.6.  Finding the Domains in a Forest
      Recipe 2.7.  Finding the NetBIOS Name of a Domain
      Recipe 2.8.  Renaming a Domain
      Recipe 2.9.  Changing the Mode of a Domain
      Recipe 2.10.  Using ADPrep to Prepare a Domain or Forest for Windows Server 2003
      Recipe 2.11.  Determining if ADPrep Has Completed
      Recipe 2.12.  Checking Whether a Windows 2000 Domain Controller Can Be Upgraded to Windows Server 2003
      Recipe 2.13.  Raising the Functional Level of a Windows Server 2003 Domain
      Recipe 2.14.  Raising the Functional Level of a Windows Server 2003 Forest
      Recipe 2.15.  Creating a Trust Between a Windows NT Domain and an AD Domain
      Recipe 2.16.  Creating a Transitive Trust Between Two AD Forests
      Recipe 2.17.  Creating a Shortcut Trust Between Two AD Domains
      Recipe 2.18.  Creating a Trust to a Kerberos Realm
      Recipe 2.19.  Viewing the Trusts for a Domain
      Recipe 2.20.  Verifying a Trust
      Recipe 2.21.  Resetting a Trust
      Recipe 2.22.  Removing a Trust
      Recipe 2.23.  Enabling SID Filtering for a Trust
      Recipe 2.24.  Finding Duplicate SIDs in a Domain
    Chapter 3.  Domain Controllers, Global Catalogs, and FSMOs
      Recipe 3.1.  Promoting a Domain Controller
      Recipe 3.2.  Promoting a Domain Controller from Media
      Recipe 3.3.  Demoting a Domain Controller
      Recipe 3.4.  Automating the Promotion or Demotion of a Domain Controller
      Recipe 3.5.  Troubleshooting Domain Controller Promotion or Demotion Problems
      Recipe 3.6.  Removing an Unsuccessfully Demoted Domain Controller
      Recipe 3.7.  Renaming a Domain Controller
      Recipe 3.8.  Finding the Domain Controllers for a Domain
      Recipe 3.9.  Finding the Closest Domain Controller
      Recipe 3.10.  Finding a Domain Controller's Site
      Recipe 3.11.  Moving a Domain Controller to a Different Site
      Recipe 3.12.  Finding the Services a Domain Controller Is Advertising
      Recipe 3.13.  Configuring a Domain Controller to Use an External Time Source
      Recipe 3.14.  Finding the Number of Logon Attempts Made Against a Domain Controller
      Recipe 3.15.  Enabling the /3GB Switch to Increase the LSASS Cache
      Recipe 3.16.  Cleaning Up Distributed Link Tracking Objects
      Recipe 3.17.  Enabling and Disabling the Global Catalog
      Recipe 3.18.  Determining if Global Catalog Promotion Is Complete
      Recipe 3.19.  Finding the Global Catalog Servers in a Forest
      Recipe 3.20.  Finding the Domain Controllers or Global Catalog Servers in a Site
      Recipe 3.21.  Finding Domain Controllers and Global Catalogs via DNS
      Recipe 3.22.  Changing the Preference for a Domain Controller
      Recipe 3.23.  Disabling the Global Catalog Requirement During a Windows 2000 Domain Login
      Recipe 3.24.  Disabling the Global Catalog Requirement During a Windows 2003 Domain Login
      Recipe 3.25.  Finding the FSMO Role Holders
      Recipe 3.26.  Transferring a FSMO Role
      Recipe 3.27.  Seizing a FSMO Role
      Recipe 3.28.  Finding the PDC Emulator FSMO Role Owner via DNS
    Chapter 4.  Searching and Manipulating Objects
      Recipe 4.1.  Viewing the RootDSE
      Recipe 4.2.  Viewing the Attributes of an Object
      Recipe 4.3.  Using LDAP Controls
      Recipe 4.4.  Using a Fast or Concurrent Bind
      Recipe 4.5.  Searching for Objects in a Domain
      Recipe 4.6.  Searching the Global Catalog
      Recipe 4.7.  Searching for a Large Number of Objects
      Recipe 4.8.  Searching with an Attribute-Scoped Query
      Recipe 4.9.  Searching with a Bitwise Filter
      Recipe 4.10.  Creating an Object
      Recipe 4.11.  Modifying an Object
      Recipe 4.12.  Modifying a Bit-Flag Attribute
      Recipe 4.13.  Dynamically Linking an Auxiliary Class
      Recipe 4.14.  Creating a Dynamic Object
      Recipe 4.15.  Refreshing a Dynamic Object
      Recipe 4.16.  Modifying the Default TTL Settings for Dynamic Objects
      Recipe 4.17.  Moving an Object to a Different OU or Container
      Recipe 4.18.  Moving an Object to a Different Domain
      Recipe 4.19.  Renaming an Object
      Recipe 4.20.  Deleting an Object
      Recipe 4.21.  Deleting a Container That Has Child Objects
      Recipe 4.22.  Viewing the Created and Last Modified Timestamp of an Object
      Recipe 4.23.  Modifying the Default LDAP Query Policy
      Recipe 4.24.  Exporting Objects to an LDIF File
      Recipe 4.25.  Importing Objects Using an LDIF File
      Recipe 4.26.  Exporting Objects to a CSV File
      Recipe 4.27.  Importing Objects Using a CSV File
    Chapter 5.  Organizational Units
      Recipe 5.1.  Creating an OU
      Recipe 5.2.  Enumerating the OUs in a Domain
      Recipe 5.3.  Enumerating the Objects in an OU
      Recipe 5.4.  Deleting the Objects in an OU
      Recipe 5.5.  Deleting an OU
      Recipe 5.6.  Moving the Objects in an OU to a Different OU
      Recipe 5.7.  Moving an OU
      Recipe 5.8.  Determining How Many Child Objects an OU Has
      Recipe 5.9.  Delegating Control of an OU
      Recipe 5.10.  Allowing OUs to Be Created Within Containers
      Recipe 5.11.  Linking a GPO to an OU
    Chapter 6.  Users
      Recipe 6.1.  Creating a User
      Recipe 6.2.  Creating a Large Number of Users
      Recipe 6.3.  Creating an inetOrgPerson User
      Recipe 6.4.  Modifying an Attribute for Several Users at Once
      Recipe 6.5.  Moving a User
      Recipe 6.6.  Renaming a User
      Recipe 6.7.  Copying a User
      Recipe 6.8.  Unlocking a User
      Recipe 6.9.  Finding Locked Out Users
      Recipe 6.10.  Troubleshooting Account Lockout Problems
      Recipe 6.11.  Viewing the Account Lockout and Password Policies
      Recipe 6.12.  Enabling and Disabling a User
      Recipe 6.13.  Finding Disabled Users
      Recipe 6.14.  Viewing a User's Group Membership
      Recipe 6.15.  Changing a User's Primary Group
      Recipe 6.16.  Transferring a User's Group Membership to Another User
      Recipe 6.17.  Setting a User's Password
      Recipe 6.18.  Setting a User's Password via LDAP
      Recipe 6.19.  Setting a User's Password via Kerberos
      Recipe 6.20.  Preventing a User from Changing His Password
      Recipe 6.21.  Requiring a User to Change Her Password at Next Logon
      Recipe 6.22.  Preventing a User's Password from Expiring
      Recipe 6.23.  Finding Users Whose Passwords Are About to Expire
      Recipe 6.24.  Setting a User's Account Options (userAccountControl)
      Recipe 6.25.  Setting a User's Account to Expire in the Future
      Recipe 6.26.  Finding Users Whose AccountsAre About to Expire
      Recipe 6.27.  Determining a User's Last Logon Time
      Recipe 6.28.  Finding Users Who Have Not Logged On Recently
      Recipe 6.29.  Setting a User's Profile Attributes
      Recipe 6.30.  Viewing a User's Managed Objects
      Recipe 6.31.  Modifying the Default Display Name Used When Creating Users in ADUC
      Recipe 6.32.  Creating a UPN Suffix for a Forest
    Chapter 7.  Groups
      Recipe 7.1.  Creating a Group
      Recipe 7.2.  Viewing the Direct Members of a Group
      Recipe 7.3.  Viewing the Nested Members of a Group
      Recipe 7.4.  Adding and Removing Members of a Group
      Recipe 7.5.  Moving a Group
      Recipe 7.6.  Changing the Scope or Type of a Group
      Recipe 7.7.  Delegating Control for Managing Membership of a Group
      Recipe 7.8.  Resolving a Primary Group ID
      Recipe 7.9.  Enabling Universal Group Membership Caching
    Chapter 8.  Computers
      Recipe 8.1.  Creating a Computer
      Recipe 8.2.  Creating a Computer for a Specific User or Group
      Recipe 8.3.  Joining a Computer to a Domain
      Recipe 8.4.  Moving a Computer
      Recipe 8.5.  Renaming a Computer
      Recipe 8.6.  Testing the Secure Channel for a Computer
      Recipe 8.7.  Resetting a Computer
      Recipe 8.8.  Finding Inactive or Unused Computers
      Recipe 8.9.  Changing the Maximum Number of Computers a User Can Join to the Domain
      Recipe 8.10.  Finding Computers with a Particular OS
      Recipe 8.11.  Binding to the Default Container for Computers
      Recipe 8.12.  Changing the Default Container for Computers
    Chapter 9.  Group Policy Objects (GPOs)
      Recipe 9.1.  Finding the GPOs in a Domain
      Recipe 9.2.  Creating a GPO
      Recipe 9.3.  Copying a GPO
      Recipe 9.4.  Deleting a GPO
      Recipe 9.5.  Viewing the Settings of a GPO
      Recipe 9.6.  Modifying the Settings of a GPO
      Recipe 9.7.  Importing Settings into a GPO
      Recipe 9.8.  Assigning Logon/Logoff and Startup/Shutdown Scripts in a GPO
      Recipe 9.9.  Installing Applications with a GPO
      Recipe 9.10.  Disabling the User or Computer Settings in a GPO
      Recipe 9.11.  Listing the Links for GPO
      Recipe 9.12.  Creating a GPO Link to an OU
      Recipe 9.13.  Blocking Inheritance of GPOs on an OU
      Recipe 9.14.  Applying a Security Filter to a GPO
      Recipe 9.15.  Creating a WMI Filter
      Recipe 9.16.  Applying a WMI Filter to a GPO
      Recipe 9.17.  Backing Up a GPO
      Recipe 9.18.  Restoring a GPO
      Recipe 9.19.  Simulating the RSoP
      Recipe 9.20.  Viewing the RSoP
      Recipe 9.21.  Refreshing GPO Settings on a Computer
      Recipe 9.22.  Restoring a Default GPO
    Chapter 10.  Schema
      Recipe 10.1.  Registering the Active Directory Schema MMC Snap-in
      Recipe 10.2.  Enabling Schema Updates
      Recipe 10.3.  Generating an OID to Use for a New Class or Attribute
      Recipe 10.4.  Generating a GUID to Use for a New Class or Attribute
      Recipe 10.5.  Extending the Schema
      Recipe 10.6.  Documenting Schema Extensions
      Recipe 10.7.  Adding a New Attribute
      Recipe 10.8.  Viewing an Attribute
      Recipe 10.9.  Adding a New Class
      Recipe 10.10.  Viewing a Class
      Recipe 10.11.  Indexing an Attribute
      Recipe 10.12.  Modifying the Attributes That Are Copied When Duplicating a User
      Recipe 10.13.  Modifying the Attributes Included with Ambiguous Name Resolution
      Recipe 10.14.  Adding or Removing an Attribute in the Global Catalog
      Recipe 10.15.  Finding the Nonreplicated and Constructed Attributes
      Recipe 10.16.  Finding the Linked Attributes
      Recipe 10.17.  Finding the Structural, Auxiliary, Abstract, and 88 Classes
      Recipe 10.18.  Finding the Mandatory and Optional Attributes of a Class
      Recipe 10.19.  Modifying the Default Security of a Class
      Recipe 10.20.  Deactivating Classes and Attributes
      Recipe 10.21.  Redefining Classes and Attributes
      Recipe 10.22.  Reloading the Schema Cache
    Chapter 11.  Site Topology
      Recipe 11.1.  Creating a Site
      Recipe 11.2.  Listing the Sites
      Recipe 11.3.  Deleting a Site
      Recipe 11.4.  Creating a Subnet
      Recipe 11.5.  Listing the Subnets
      Recipe 11.6.  Finding Missing Subnets
      Recipe 11.7.  Creating a Site Link
      Recipe 11.8.  Finding the Site Links for a Site
      Recipe 11.9.  Modifying the Sites That Are Part of a Site Link
      Recipe 11.10.  Modifying the Cost for a Site Link
      Recipe 11.11.  Disabling Site Link Transitivity or Site Link Schedules
      Recipe 11.12.  Creating a Site Link Bridge
      Recipe 11.13.  Finding the Bridgehead Servers for a Site
      Recipe 11.14.  Setting a Preferred Bridgehead Server for a Site
      Recipe 11.15.  Listing the Servers
      Recipe 11.16.  Moving a Domain Controller to a Different Site
      Recipe 11.17.  Configuring a Domain Controller to Cover Multiple Sites
      Recipe 11.18.  Viewing the Site Coverage for a Domain Controller
      Recipe 11.19.  Disabling Automatic Site Coverage for a Domain Controller
      Recipe 11.20.  Finding the Site for a Client
      Recipe 11.21.  Forcing a Host to a Particular Site
      Recipe 11.22.  Creating a Connection Object
      Recipe 11.23.  Listing the Connection Objects for a Server
      Recipe 11.24.  Load-Balancing Connection Objects
      Recipe 11.25.  Finding the ISTG for a Site
      Recipe 11.26.  Transferring the ISTG to Another Server
      Recipe 11.27.  Triggering the KCC
      Recipe 11.28.  Determining if the KCC Is Completing Successfully
      Recipe 11.29.  Disabling the KCC for a Site
      Recipe 11.30.  Changing the Interval at Which the KCC Runs
    Chapter 12.  Replication
      Recipe 12.1.  Determining if Two Domain Controllers Are in Sync
      Recipe 12.2.  Viewing the Replication Status of Several Domain Controllers
      Recipe 12.3.  Viewing Unreplicated Changes Between Two Domain Controllers
      Recipe 12.4.  Forcing Replication from One Domain Controller to Another
      Recipe 12.5.  Changing the Intra-Site Replication Interval
      Recipe 12.6.  Changing the Inter-Site Replication Interval
      Recipe 12.7.  Disabling Inter-Site Compression of Replication Traffic
      Recipe 12.8.  Checking for Potential Replication Problems
      Recipe 12.9.  Enabling Enhanced Logging of Replication Events
      Recipe 12.10.  Enabling Strict or Loose Replication Consistency
      Recipe 12.11.  Finding Conflict Objects
      Recipe 12.12.  Viewing Object Metadata
    Chapter 13.  Domain Name System (DNS)
      Recipe 13.1.  Creating a Forward Lookup Zone
      Recipe 13.2.  Creating a Reverse Lookup Zone
      Recipe 13.3.  Viewing a Server's Zones
      Recipe 13.4.  Converting a Zone to an AD-Integrated Zone
      Recipe 13.5.  Moving AD-Integrated Zones into an Application Partition
      Recipe 13.6.  Delegating Control of a Zone
      Recipe 13.7.  Creating and Deleting Resource Records
      Recipe 13.8.  Querying Resource Records
      Recipe 13.9.  Modifying the DNS Server Configuration
      Recipe 13.10.  Scavenging Old Resource Records
      Recipe 13.11.  Clearing the DNS Cache
      Recipe 13.12.  Verifying That a Domain Controller Can Register Its Resource Records
      Recipe 13.13.  Registering a Domain Controller's Resource Records
      Recipe 13.14.  Preventing a Domain Controller from Dynamically Registering All Resource Records
      Recipe 13.15.  Preventing a Domain Controller from Dynamically Registering Certain Resource Records
      Recipe 13.16.  Deregistering a Domain Controller's Resource Records
      Recipe 13.17.  Allowing Computers to Use a Different Domain Suffix from Their AD Domain
    Chapter 14.  Security and Authentication
      Recipe 14.1.  Enabling SSL/TLS
      Recipe 14.2.  Encrypting LDAP Traffic with SSL, TLS, or Signing
      Recipe 14.3.  Enabling Anonymous LDAP Access
      Recipe 14.4.  Restricting Hosts from Performing LDAP Queries
      Recipe 14.5.  Using the Delegation of Control Wizard
      Recipe 14.6.  Customizing the Delegation of Control Wizard
      Recipe 14.7.  Viewing the ACL for an Object
      Recipe 14.8.  Customizing the ACL Editor
      Recipe 14.9.  Viewing the Effective Permissions on an Object
      Recipe 14.10.  Changing the ACL of an Object
      Recipe 14.11.  Changing the Default ACL for an Object Class in the Schema
      Recipe 14.12.  Comparing the ACL of an Object to the Default Defined in the Schema
      Recipe 14.13.  Resetting an Object's ACL to the Default Defined in the Schema
      Recipe 14.14.  Preventing the LM Hash of a Password from Being Stored
      Recipe 14.15.  Enabling List Object Access Mode
      Recipe 14.16.  Modifying the ACL on Administrator Accounts
      Recipe 14.17.  Viewing and Purging Your Kerberos Tickets
      Recipe 14.18.  Forcing Kerberos to Use TCP
      Recipe 14.19.  Modifying Kerberos Settings
    Chapter 15.  Logging, Monitoring, and Quotas
      Recipe 15.1.  Enabling Extended dcpromo Logging
      Recipe 15.2.  Enabling Diagnostics Logging
      Recipe 15.3.  Enabling NetLogon Logging
      Recipe 15.4.  Enabling GPO Client Logging
      Recipe 15.5.  Enabling Kerberos Logging
      Recipe 15.6.  Enabling DNS Server Debug Logging
      Recipe 15.7.  Viewing DNS Server Performance Statistics
      Recipe 15.8.  Enabling Inefficient and Expensive LDAP Query Logging
      Recipe 15.9.  Using the STATS Control to View LDAP Query Statistics
      Recipe 15.10.  Using Perfmon to Monitor AD
      Recipe 15.11.  Using Perfmon Trace Logs to Monitor AD
      Recipe 15.12.  Enabling Auditing of Directory Access
      Recipe 15.13.  Creating a Quota
      Recipe 15.14.  Finding the Quotas Assigned to a Security Principal
      Recipe 15.15.  Changing How Tombstone Objects Count Against Quota Usage
      Recipe 15.16.  Setting the Default Quota for All Security Principals in a Partition
      Recipe 15.17.  Finding the Quota Usage for a Security Principal
    Chapter 16.  Backup, Recovery, DIT Maintenance, and Deleted Objects
      Recipe 16.1.  Backing Up Active Directory
      Recipe 16.2.  Restarting a Domain Controller in Directory Services Restore Mode
      Recipe 16.3.  Resetting the Directory Service Restore Mode Administrator Password
      Recipe 16.4.  Performing a Nonauthoritative Restore
      Recipe 16.5.  Performing an Authoritative Restore of an Object or Subtree
      Recipe 16.6.  Performing a Complete Authoritative Restore
      Recipe 16.7.  Checking the DIT File's Integrity
      Recipe 16.8.  Moving the DIT Files
      Recipe 16.9.  Repairing or Recovering the DIT
      Recipe 16.10.  Performing an Online Defrag Manually
      Recipe 16.11.  Determining How Much Whitespace Is in the DIT
      Recipe 16.12.  Performing an Offline Defrag to Reclaim Space
      Recipe 16.13.  Changing the Garbage Collection Interval
      Recipe 16.14.  Logging the Number of Expired Tombstone Objects
      Recipe 16.15.  Determining the Size of the Active Directory Database
      Recipe 16.16.  Searching for Deleted Objects
      Recipe 16.17.  Restoring a Deleted Object
      Recipe 16.18.  Modifying the Tombstone Lifetime for a Domain
    Chapter 17.  Application Partitions
      Recipe 17.1.  Creating and Deleting an Application Partition
      Recipe 17.2.  Finding the Application Partitions in a Forest
      Recipe 17.3.  Adding or Removing a Replica Server for an Application Partition
      Recipe 17.4.  Finding the Replica Servers for an Application Partition
      Recipe 17.5.  Finding the Application Partitions Hosted by a Server
      Recipe 17.6.  Verifying Application Partitions Are Instantiated on a Server Correctly
      Recipe 17.7.  Setting the Replication Notification Delay for an Application Partition
      Recipe 17.8.  Setting the Reference Domain for an Application Partition
      Recipe 17.9.  Delegating Control of Managing an Application Partition
    Chapter 18.  Interoperability and Integration
      Recipe 18.1.  Accessing AD from a Non-Windows Platform
      Recipe 18.2.  Programming with .NET
      Recipe 18.3.  Programming with DSML
      Recipe 18.4.  Programming with Perl
      Recipe 18.5.  Programming with Java
      Recipe 18.6.  Programming with Python
      Recipe 18.7.  Integrating with MIT Kerberos
      Recipe 18.8.  Integrating with Samba
      Recipe 18.9.  Integrating with Apache
      Recipe 18.10.  Replacing NIS
      Recipe 18.11.  Using BIND for DNS
      Recipe 18.12.  Authorizing a Microsoft DHCP Server
      Recipe 18.13.  Using VMWare for Testing AD
    Appendix A.  Tool List
      ACL Diagnostics Command (acldiag.exe)
      Active Directory Domains and Trusts Snap-in (domain.msc)
      Active Directory Installation Wizard (dcpromo.exe)
      Active Directory Load Balancer Command (adlb.exe)
      Active Directory Schema Snap-in (schmmgmt.msc)
      Active Directory Sites and Services (dssite.msc)
      Active Directory Users and Computers Snap-in (dsa.msc)
      AD Prep Utility (adprep.exe)
      ADSI Edit (adsiedit.msc)
      Audit Policy Command (auditpol.exe)
      Backup Wizard (ntbackup.exe)
      CSVDE Command (csvde.exe)
      Default Domain Controller Security Policy Snap-in (dcpol.msc)
      Default Domain Security Policy Snap-in (dompol.msc)
      Default Group Policy Restore Command (dcgpofix.exe)
      DNS Snap-in (dnsmgmt.msc)
      DNSCmd Command (dnscmd.exe)
      Domain Controller Diagnosis Command (dcdiag.exe)
      DS ACL Command (dsacls.exe)
      DS Add Command (dsadd.exe)
      DS Get Command (dsget.exe)
      DS Modify Command (dsmodify.exe)
      DS Move Command (dsmove.exe)
      DS Query Command (dsquery.exe)
      DS Remove Command (dsrm.exe)
      Enumprop Command (enumprop.exe)
      Group Policy Management Console (gpmc.msc)
      Group Policy Object Editor (gpedit.msc)
      Group Policy Verification Tool (gpotool.exe)
      Group Policy Results Command (gpresult.exe)
      Group Policy Refresh Command (gpupdate.exe)
      IP Configuration (ipconfig.exe)
      Kerberos List (klist.exe)
      Kerberos Tray (kerbtray.exe)
      LDIFDE Command (ldifde.exe)
      LDP (ldp.exe)
      Move Tree Command (movetree.exe)
      Netdom Command (netdom.exe)
      Network Connectivity Tester (netdiag.exe)
      NLTest Command (nltest.exe)
      Nslookup Command (nslookup.exe)
      NTDS Util Command (ntdsutil.exe)
      OID Generator Command (oidgen.exe)
      Redirect Default Computers Command (redircmp.exe)
      Redirect Default Users Command (redirusr.exe)
      Reg Command (reg.exe)
      Registry Editor (regedit.exe)
      Rename Domain Command (rendom.exe)
      Replication Diagnostics Command (repadmin.exe)
      Replication Monitor (replmon.exe)
      Resultant Set of Policy Snap-in (rsop.msc)
      SecEdit Command (secedit.exe)
      Time Service (w32tm.exe)
      Unlock (unlock.exe)
      UUID Generator Command (uuidgen.exe)
      WinNT32 Command (winnt32.exe)
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